Industry 4.0 is a new stage in the industrial revolution, primarily focused on interconnectivity, automation, machine learning and real-time data. Industry 4.0 (including IIoT and smart manufacturing) combines physical production and operations with smart digital technology, machine learning and big data to create a more complete and better connected ecosystem for businesses, by focusing on manufacturing and supply chain management.
While every business and organization operating today is different, they all face a common challenge: they need connectivity and access to real-time information about processes, partners, products and people.
This is where Industry 4.0 appears.
Evolution of industry from 1.0 to 4.0
Before discussing the concepts, causes and methods of Industry 4.0, it is useful to first understand the development of the manufacturing industry since the 1800s.
These are the four different industrial revolutions known or experienced in the world. Continue to live today.
The first industrial revolution
The first industrial revolution took place in the late 1700s and early 1800s. During this period, the manufacturing industry shifted from a focus on artificial manual labor and labor-dependent animals. works to use water and steam engines and other types of machine tools to enable people to complete work. More optimized.
Second industrial revolution
At the start of the 20th century, with the introduction of steel and the use of electricity in factories, the world entered the second industrial revolution. The introduction of electricity allows manufacturers to increase their efficiency and make factory machines more mobile. At this point, the concept of mass production was introduced, like assembly lines, to increase productivity.
The third industrial revolution
From the late 1950s, as manufacturers began to incorporate more electronic technology (and perhaps computer technology) into their factories, the Third Industrial Revolution slowly began to emerge. During this period, manufacturers began to face a change, this change no longer emphasizes analog and mechanical technology, but more attention to digital technology and automation software.
The fourth industrial revolution or industry 4.0
In recent decades, the fourth industrial revolution has emerged, namely Industry 4.0. Industry 4.0 connects the Internet of Things (IoT), access to real-time data and the introduction of network systems.Digital technology has been taken over the past decades to a whole new level: physics . Industry 4.0 offers a more holistic, interconnected and holistic approach to manufacturing. It connects entities with numbers and enables better collaboration and access between departments, partners, suppliers, products and people. Industry 4.0 enables business owners to better control and understand all aspects of their operations and enables them to use instant data to increase productivity, improve processes and drive growth.